The Nazca Lines.
What Are The Nazca Lines?
The Nazca lines are a collection of ancient geoglyphs, etched into the Nazca desert floor at some point in our distant past. The carvings vary in design from simple and complex geometric shapes (including straight lines, of which the longest extends over 65 km!!), to phytomorphic designs, including flowers & trees and also zoomorphic depictions of humans, animals, birds and fish!
The Lines were discovered in the late 1930's when commercial airline flights began to transit the area (see question 1 at bottom of page).
Where Are They?
The Nazca desert, on which the geoglyphs are drawn, is in Southern Peru approximately 230 miles south of the capital Lima. The specific area of the desert which the lines span, covers between 50 - 250 square miles (depending which source you read), and is called Pampa Colorada (Red Plain).
How Were The Lines Made?
The lines were created by the removing a 10 to 30cm layer of iron oxide rich topsoil, from the dry desert floor, thus exposing the uncoloured layer below. The incredible dryness and consistent weather of the area, mean this was all it took to create each images and is the reason the still remain today.
Who Made The Lines & Why?
Here is where we hit the crux of the issue!
The sheer complexity of the Nazca Lines has attracted many and varied theories. Mainstream archaeology has naturally attempted to fit the glyph's into the currently accepted time line and has given the customary religious explanation.
Others have thought outside the box and suggested there must have been some, as yet unidentified, technological aspect to their construction, including theories of possible extraterrestrial influence.
Current Theories Include :-
1) Messages: The markings can be seen only from the air, making them messages to the gods. (See questions 1 and 3 below)
2) Astronomical observatory: Many of the lines point to constellations and can be used to observe solstices and equinoxes.
3) To measure rainfall.
4) UFO landing strips: Erich Von Daniken popularized this theory with his best-selling book Chariots of the Gods?
5) Sports stadium: The Nazcans were great athletes Maybe the lines were running tracks??!
6) They were used for dowsing purposes.
7) Labyrinths: Each figure is constructed from a single line, so they could be walked during ceremonies.
8) Each figure could be markings of different clans
9) Water: The desert-dwelling Nascans obsessed about water, and the lines could map underground source areas.
10) A memorial area for the Great Flood. Every culture has it's own Flood Myth.
The Latest Theories and Observations
A video recently appeared on youtube which demonstrated that if you extended each line around the planet, they all converged at Angkor Wat in Cambodia, which is another ancient megalithic site. (see below)
What this video has identified, is that Nazca & Angkor Wat, are in fact Antipodal Points, i.e they are directly opposite each other, through the centre of the earth's mass!
Is this Purely a coincidence?
Im going to add to the Angkor Wat mystery, with a personal consideration that occurred to me when I saw the above youtube video. I am not suggesting this is a fact, but Im putting it out there as an interesting observation.
When I flew over the Nazca Lines in 2014, we were on route back to the airport, when the pilot mentioned there was one final Glyph on a hillside near the town. As we flew past it, my immediate thought was "That's a Dinosaur"; when I later looked it up online, it was generally considered to be a Macaw (a bird local to South America), however it also appeared I was far from the only person who had thought it could represent one of the ancient beasts.
Now consider Angkor Wat. It was built by an apparently unconnected civilisation, but is directly opposite Nazca if you draw a line through the centre of the earth. One of the many mysteries at Angkor Wat, is the apparent carving of a dinosaur on the wall of one of the buildings?
As my tutors at university always said......"Discuss"?
The Spider and the Earths Magnetic Field Theory
There was a theory posed recently that the spider, depicted on the desert floor at Nazca, was in fact a representation of the earths magnetic field. Upon looking at pictures of the two, I can see why you would at least consider this a possibility.
However, whilst It would be hard to commit to this theory, which is still in its infancy and would require considerably more evidence to support it, I have to admire the 'out of the box thinking', which may be what is required to create some real breakthroughs in understanding the Nazca Lines.
1) Mainstream archaeology insists that, contrary to some 'Alternative Theorists' ideas, you don't need to be in the air to see the glyph's and that you can see them from local hills, and that this was the intention of the original builders. If that is the case, why were the lines only re-discovered when why had gained the ability to fly over them?
2) What would cause any desert dwelling civilisation to create 65KM long lines, highly complex geometric shapes, glyphs of animals and sea creatures etc, which they could not view?
3) The vast majority of the geoglyphs, are drawn with perfection, they are accurate representations of what they are supposed to portray and are in proportion. There is one famous glyph that has been called the 'Astronaut., which is a humanoid figure shown with an arm in the air, apparently waving.
This geoglyph looks as if it was drawn by a child aged 6 1/2; it is out of proportion and is a poor representation of a human figure, far from the quality of the vast majority of carvings at Nazca.
WHY ? why when completing the drawing that represented them, did the builders of the lines apparently loose every bit of skill they possessed and had utilised on other glyphs? Is it possible the 'Astronaut' was not built by those who created the other geoglyphs? Could it have been made afterwards by someone who was trying to signal the original builders and say "cooeee we are here"?
4) Is it a mere coincidence that two of the worlds most mysterious megalithic sites are located on exactly the opposite sides of the planet to each other? Could this be possibly be related to the earth grid theory or is there another reason for this, that we have yet to identify.
5) The geoglyph of the dog at Nazca, very similar to the dog carved onto one of the pillars at Gobekli Tepe? is this again a coincidence?
The Nazca lines are a true enigma, every aspect of their being raises questions and whilst answers may never be available, the search for them will throw up many twists and turns.