The Great Pyramid of Giza
Located on the Giza (Gizeh), Plateau on the edge of what is now the Egyptian capital of Cairo, the Great Pyramid, you would think, is probably the most recognisable structure on the planet. However, very often an article on the pyramids will incorrectly show ‘khafre’s’ Pyramid instead (The 2nd largest pyramid on the plateau and next door to the Great Pyramid), presumably because it is slightly more aesthetically pleasing, with the outer casing still in place at its summit.
Mainstream history ascribes the Great Pyramid to the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu and sets its date of
construction at circa 2560 BC. It is currently suggested (and only suggested) that some 200,000
skilled and paid workers took 20 years to complete the project and that they quarried, moved and
placed an estimated 2.4 million blocks of stone. It is stated that the stone was quarried from a
number of sites, with the main quarry being on the opposite side of the Nile to Giza; this would
suggest the stone’s, some weighing up to 20 tonnes, were cut and moved across the Nile before lifting and placement on the pyramid.
Inside the Great pyramid are some Larger Blocks, which help form some of the inner chambers; these stones are made of granite and are estimated to weigh up to 90 tonnes and it has been found they were quarried at Aswan which is 500 miles south of Giza (Arnold 1991).
This current theory is supported by supposed ‘quarry gang’ marks which were found by a Major General (then Colonel) Howard Vyse in 1837, inside an area above the ‘Kings Chamber’, which shows the cartouche (Egyptian name block) attributed to Khufu, a Pharaoh of the 4 th Dynasty.
The validity of these markings have been questioned by a number of scholars (Creighton 2016), but are currently still considered authentic. Until recently these were the only known markings inside the pyramid but recent explorations of ‘Gantenbrinks’ tunnel (which extends out from the ‘Queens Chamber’) found some, as yet, un-deciphered markings.
What was it used for
The currently accepted explanation is that the pyramid was the tomb of the pharaoh Khufu. It is stated his body was placed in the upper most chamber, whilst the queen’s body was placed in a lower one.
It is theorised that the lowest chamber, known as the ‘subterranean Chamber’, was
possibly the original intended burial chamber for the king, who then ‘changed his mind’ or that it was a decoy chamber to fool grave robbers (Mendelssohn 1971).
There are many and varied theories on how the pyramids were constructed and what their intended purpose was. Many have questioned accepted theories and challenged the evidence on which they're based. Many of these theories are based on the precision with which the structure is built and suggest it is far beyond the capabilities of a civilisation who used hammers and copper chisels and were considered to move the blocks (up to 90 tonnes) on wooden rollers or wet sand.
Precision of construction
The Pyramid is built with a 0.015% deviation from true, which is incredibly precise. Today builders rarely achieve such precision, predominantly because they don’t need to (Bauval 2001). Must it be presumed that the builders quite deliberately meant to achieve such precision? If so, why and for what purpose? It must also be noted that the Giza plateau is laid out in the shape which has been identified as corresponding to Orion’s belt, in the constellation Orion. It MUST also be known that this pattern repeats itself in ancient sites on every…EVERY…continent on the planet. Are these factors just pure coincidence, very good luck or intentional?
There are many intriguing questions hidden in the design of the pyramid, examples include.
1) The ratio of its circumference to its original height is equal to the value of Pi. 3.14. (current
beliefs states Pi was not understood for another millennium)
2) Great Pyramid’s base is at I:43,200 which is a mathematical representation of the northern
“In other words, during all the centuries of darkness experienced by Western
civilization, when knowledge of our planet’s dimensions was lost to us all we ever really needed, to rediscover that knowledge, was to measure the height and base perimeter of the Great Pyramid and multiply by 43,200. How likely is this to be an accident?”
3) The pyramid is situated at the centre of the earth’s land mass. (i.e suggesting the builders
had an extremely accurate understanding of the geography of the planet). (Walia 2014)
Were these again intentional or luck?
1) Considering the facts we do know about the pyramid and its sheer perfection in terms of
construction, mathematical magnificence and precise geographical location….are we really
saying that, a race which had figured all this out, had not thought of the wheel. They were
masters of mathematics, engineering and geography but pulled construction blocks on bits of
2) Why has no mummified remains ever been found inside any pyramid?
3) Why was it built with such perfection and precision? What would require it to be so precise?
(A burial tomb?)
4) If it was a Tomb and the pharaoh had insisted on such accuracy, would he not have
proclaimed himself the owner and lord of such a magnificent construction? Everywhere in
Egypt the ancient Egyptians placed hieroglyphs all over their works, on every wall, telling their
story: Yet in the greatest of them all we are lead to believe they left not one hieroglyph and
then wrote nothing at all about it in their history?
5) If you wanted to know how the Hoover Dam was built, would you ask an archaeologist or an
6) If it was found that the pyramid was a lot older than we currently accept and was in fact built by a forgotten advanced civilisation in our remote past, how would this affect
society today? Which power bases would suffer due to the entire foundation of their
power being hinged on the history they created? Ask yourself how those power bases
have been linked across the millennia to the institutions that have ‘investigated’ these
ancient sites & then ‘told’ us the history?
A Builders Perspective?
Engineers are now offering evidence regarding its construction, which doesn’t match with currently accepted beliefs; there are suggestions the stone blocks used to build it could have been ‘made’ on site like ‘cement’ (Barsoum et al 2006 & Folk et al 1992), along with theories suggesting other uses rather than a tomb (Dunn 1998). If these ideas sound preposterous then compare them to the idea that, what is still the most perfectly constructed building on the planet, was built by people who only had a wooden hammer’s, copper chisel’s and had not yet invented the wheel? It is time to look at the great Pyramid through the technological eyes of the engineers who built it and we may then begin to understand its true history.
I cannot recommend enough a book written by Christopher Dunn, who is a machine tooling engineer.
Dunn studied the Great Pyramid from an engineer’s perspective, with regard to both its construction and its intended purpose. Dunn theorises the pyramid was used as a resonance chamber to produce energy and supports his theory with solid reasoning. However, you may find this radical theory difficult to swallow (as I did when I first heard it and will probably never know if it’s true), but the evidence reviewed and presented by Dunn still demonstrates the absolute engineering perfection with which the original engineers built it. Even if you disagree with his overall conclusion, if you have a questioning mind and would like to hear simple facts presented with clarity ‘The Giza Power Plant’ is a must read.
I have not even skimmed the surface of the mystery of the Great Pyramid here; there are so many outstanding facts regarding its design, construction and function that it has kept man engrossed since the beginning of recorded history and I am sure will do so for a very long time to come.
Arnold, D., (1991). Building in Egypt: pharaonic stone masonry. Oxford University Press on Demand.
Barsoum, M.W., Ganguly, A. and Hug, G., (2006). Microstructural evidence of reconstituted limestone blocks in the Great Pyramids of Egypt. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 89(12),pp.3788-3796.
Bauval, R. & Gilbert, A., (2001). The Orion mystery: unlocking the secrets of the pyramids
Creighton, S., (2016). The Great Pyramid Hoax: The Conspiracy to Conceal the True History of
Ancient Egypt. Simon and Schuster.
Daniken, E. (1970) Chariots of The Gods. New York: Berkley Books
Dolan, R. (2014) UFOs For the 21st Century Mind: New York: Richard Dolan Press, 2014
Dunn, C., (1998). The Giza power plant: technologies of ancient Egypt. Simon and Schuster.
Folk, R.L. and Campbell, D.H., (1992). Are the pyramids of Egypt built of poured concrete
blocks?. Journal of Geological Education, 40(1), pp.25-34.
Hancock, G. (2005) Fingerprints of the Gods: Canada: Anchor Canada
Mendelssohn, K., (1971). A Scientist Looks at the Pyramids: Engineering evidence connected with the building of the great pyramids suggests conclusions that go far beyond the problems of pyramid design. American Scientist, 59(2), pp.210-220.
Petrie, W.M.F., (1883). The pyramids and temples of Gizeh. Рипол Классик.
Walia, A (2014) Mind Altering facts about the Great Pyramid at Giza that Still have No
Explanation. Collective Evolution [online], available at <; http://www.collective-
evolution.com/2014/03/17/perplexing-facts- about-the- great-pyramid- at-giza- that-
still-have- no-explanation/>> [accessed on 11 December 2017].